In this section of the Gorgias, Socrates and Callicles are reviewing previous declarations they made. Even though I had previously read about doing wrong and suffering wrong I thought it was an interesting conversation, especially with the addition from Socrates. Socrates stated that doing wrong is a greater evil than suffering wrong. He then asked how one can gain the advantage of both, as to not suffer or do wrong. He and Callicles agreed that it takes the ability and expertise to avoid suffering wrong to accomplish this. The way to acquire it is to be a ruler yourself, on good terms with the government, or a “big shot” in the community (the only one with whom the dictator would have a serious friendship with). If you hold one of these positions, no one can do you wrong and get away with it because you have too much connection to power. However, although this person has the ability and expertise to avoid suffering wrong, they have not gained such qualities to avoid doing wrong. This is due to the fact that the ruler with whom this person has built a connection with is unjust, since the dictator can commit countless crimes without having to pay for them. In conclusion, the worst thing a person can do is to aspire to a ruthless ruler or dictator. Basically, Socrates built up an entire argument backing a claim that he ended up refuting.

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