In this reading, Socrates reviews the argument and discussion, hitting the major conclusions of the arguments. Socrates reiterates that the pleasant and the good are not the same thing and explains that the good is the reason we do pleasant things. Pleasantry makes us enjoy things and goodness makes us good. Socrates says that in order to be good it takes a specific state of goodness which takes organization and perfection in the particular branches of what needs to be good. The ultimate conclusion comes to be that in order to be good and be in a state of goodness on must be organized and orderly which means they have the quality of self-discipline. At line 507a Socrates states this saying, “And an orderly mind is a self-disciplined mine? Absolutely.”

This leads to Socrates to determine that an undisciplined and consequently self-indulgent mind is bad. Socrates continues to list more qualities of the disciplined person including, courage – a self-discplined person know what objects and actions he must turn away from and towards to endure. Also, Socrates says a self-discplined person is brave, religious and says, “he’s a paradigm of goodness.”; Socrates concludes a self-disciplined person is the ultimate example of the good. Any person who is looking for happiness must first seek self-discipline, because the self-discipline is good and happiness is the good. Socrates says that all of our energy should go towards practicing self-discipline, therefore ensuring happiness. Socrates antagonizes Callicles by telling him that no person could disagree with him and not look ridiculous.

I agree with Socrates that self-discipline is the way to achieve goodness and therefore happiness. Someone who satisfies all his desires will reach a point where he will do anything it takes to satisfy said desires. That person can go on to commit contemptible acts which is worse than having those contemptible acts done to you. I’m not really sure I understand Socrates reasoning behind a self-disciplined person having courage and a self-indulgent person lacking it. Socrates reasoning makes it sound like the self-disciplined person faces what is necessary and does not take foolish risks, and therefore a self-indulgent person takes many foolish risks which does not display courage at all. However, isn’t a self-indulgent person only concerned with satisfying his desires in any way he can?

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