While arguing with Callicles the debate arises of what both think is a happy and fulfilled life.  Socrates is trying to lead Callicles, through a series of intricate questions, to admit that what he is saying does not make any sense.

Socrates claims that to live a happy and fulfilled life is to have restraint and be satisfied as opposed to Callicles that believes that the only way to be happy is to constantly be feeling pleasure and never takes a brea from it.  He thinks that more is more while Socrates thinks that less is more.

Socrates uses the example of filling glass jars with valuable liquids.  He states that there are two men.  One fills up his glass jars one time with much difficulty, but when he finishes he feels pleasurable and leaves his jars.  One the other hand the second man has cracked jars, and with the same amount of difficulty must continue to refill his jars to stay satisfied.  This is what Callicles claims to be the good life, but this contradicts his previous arguments.

Callicles arguments do not match up.  He argued previously that rhetoricians have the most power because of their art of persuasion.  While this subject is very different, it comes back to one similar point: both the dictator we mentioned before and the men falling the broken jars are only doing these tasks because they believe it is good and necessary.  Aristotle is right in both circumstances by saying that this is not what they wish to do, but what they believe or think that they have to do.

 

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