Aristotle goes through the different actions that we humans can be involved with. He focuses primarily on voluntary actions because of the potential layers that go into that kind of action. This is quite an interesting position that made me think more about what exactly makes my actions voluntary or involuntary.

These voluntary actions are what we as humans can attribute to either praise or blame. An involuntary action is one we are forced to do so we can therefore not be either praised or blamed for it. Aristotle determines that there are two layers behind the voluntary action. The first is the decision or choice that the individual makes. Choices are what will make you a virtuous person because of the rational reasoning you have behind that decision instead of just mimicking someone. Before the decision is the deliberation which looks at the means rather than the ends. You will choose the best mean in order to accomplish some goal.

His claim attracted my attention because it is applicable to my daily life. The court system uses this principle in deciding cases like if it was pre-meditated or manslaughter. It is sometimes hard to see the connection between what Aristotle is stating and present day situations, but here it is clear. With this clarity I am able to understand it easier, as well as my fellow classmates. This claim explains what determines if someone is virtuous where before it was much harder find a concrete answer for. By doing so, Aristotle is making a progression from one topic to another.