In this book, Aristotle discusses virtue, how actions are voluntary and involuntary and how these concepts are important to know. He also includes ideas about praise and blame. I found this discussion the most interesting and chose to look into it further.

He says that voluntary actions usually receive praise, and involuntary concepts receive pity. Involuntary actions are usually forced and can cause pain to the people performing them. Voluntary actions have control. He decides that the way to determine peoples character is through their choices better than their actions. This is because some of their actions are involuntary so character cannot be determined through actions that people did not intend to do.

What I found most interesting about this discussion was that Aristotle found a way for it to be possible for actions to be both voluntary and involuntary. If actions involve a great deal of emotion and virtue, then the decision might not be one that we voluntarily want to make. Even though we decide to do it, it might not be what we actually want to do, therefore making it both. I never thought of decision making in this aspect, which is why I chose this passage. I also always thought that the only actions that should be qualified as involuntary would be actual involuntary bodily actions like sneezing or blinking, I never thought of involuntary actions the way that Aristotle does, which is another way how I found this passage very interesting.

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