Aristotle’s Metaphysics, offered multiple claims throughout, but one in particular stuck out to me. In Book XII, he talks about how there has to be something that initiates motion without it itself moving. This seems to be quite a proposition, stating something makes others move yet it does not move at all.
Previously, Aristotle was explaining how the celestial bodies like the sun and other planets appear to give pure potencies to the earth. He then stopped to ponder what makes these celestial bodies move. This is essential, but he wanted to find something even more important than that. By searching for the answer to this problem, Aristotle also was looking for some primary mover that did not have an explanation for it. This was a search for a primary mover which he eventually found in the unmoved mover. Aristotle believed that this unmoved mover causes the celestial bodies to move towards it because of desire. This is how he developed the concept of the final cause.
This passage caught my attention as when we discussed this in class it appeared as though Aristotle attempts to call this unmoved mover God. It is amazing in itself to come to the conclusion of the unmoved mover and final cause. It is quite another feat to almost conclude as to why there must be a God for things to move.This cause of desire sets to explain as to why the others occur. It motivates things to move which would include the material and efficient causes. In no way could Aristotle explain this idea of an unmoved mover without creating another cause.