In the Heraclitus of Ephesus, some of the fragments notes on difference between waking and sleeping. This particular idea in different fragments caught my eyes because it made me relate to how sometimes we miss lots of things even though it is always available to us.

Particularly, fragments 1, 20, 22, 26 stood out to me on the idea of waking and sleeping. In fragment 1, he says that some “people fail to notice what they do when awake, just as they forget what they do while asleep.” In fragment 20, he says that in the waking world, we see the same thing and experience the same reality but when asleep, we each have our own experience. In fragment 22, he states that what we see during waking is death and what we see during sleep is just sleep. In fragment 26, it reveals that even though the fact is upon them, they do not understand. Also, even though you notice the facts, they manipulate themselves that they understand it.

These were very interesting because of the idea on how most people live. Our current state is metaphorically asleep; we see nothing but our own world that we are trapped in. I can relate to this even though this idea is from long time ago. In the modern world, we miss lots of valuable things in our life while concentrating on others. This also relates to our first subject about leisure and work. Because we put extensive amount of concentration on other material, we tend to miss the importance of what we experience everyday. In addition, it also relates to our study of knowledge when we know them universally (experienced them) but not knowing them actually (not understanding and recognizing).