The Introduction to Logic- Syllogistic Terminology is a difficult read and the terminology can be easily mixed up; however, it summarized itself through three main parts. The first being that one must find a conclusion. The second is to put the syllogism into standard order and form. Lastly, the third is to test the syllogism through the use of Venn diagrams or the rules for validity.
The first step is put in terms of p and q. Once you’ve identified the conclusion you must put it into the standard categorical form: p if q, where p and q represents different statements. The second step requires one to put the premisses and put the syllogism into standard order and form. Standard form are in the form of A, E, I, and O. While standard order shows that they are put into the order of major premiss, represented by the letter “P,” or minor premiss, represented by the letter “S.” There is also a middle term, which occurs in both premisses, represented by the letter “M.” Major premiss being first in that order. Lastly, the third step requires one to run the argument through a test through the use of venn diagrams.
Overall I thought that Syllogistic terminology is a very hard topic to grasp due to the use of a statements equating to a number of different variables. However, the Venn diagrams help me to better visualize the rules and to see how to construct a model for evaluating an argument rather than reading through texts.