There are three steps to evaluate a casual argument. The first step is to find the conclusion, this is kind of confusing for it has a formula like p and q are the same thing. And so, we have to organize the sentence in the p if q form. Here we learn that the subject of the conclusion is minor term of the syllogism and the predicate is called the major term of the syllogism. The second step is to find the premise and put the syllogism in standard form. Here we need to identify what the syllogism is actually trying to say. The standard form is the A, E, I or O form, here the major premiss is put first. In the syllogism we need to identify the order they are put in first. Let us not forget that the major premiss is labelled with the letter P and the minor premiss with the letter S. There is a middle term that is symbolized with the letter M. The third and last step for Part 1 is to test the syllogisms using Venn Diagrams. The venn diagrams, although are confusing to make will eventually help us to visualize the syllogism with the rules of validity To validate the Venn diagram is has more slots than the other one we saw before, which is extra hard to understand, but if the rules are learned it is not as confusing.

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